The December 11th 2017 Google Doodle Celebrates the 135th birthday of Max Born, the physicist and mathematician who discovered one of the most important rules in quantum mechanics. Just after World War I, Max Born, a German scientist, cracked the code that would help future generations of scientists understand the laws of modern quantum physics. The theory of quantum mechanics supports the basis of modern technology, for everything from supercomputers and ultra-precise timekeeping to digital encryption. It describes the movement of photons, electrons, and other subatomic particles. The field has led to the development of major technologies such as lasers, computers and MRIs.
Before Born, physicists assumed that if you wanted to know the location of a quantum particle, you had to measure it exactly using a series of physical experiments and a lot of unwieldy calculation. Born figured out that all you really needed was a matrix (a group of numbers lined up in columns and rows) and the rules of probability.
Check out these articles for more about Max Born and his pioneering achievements.
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