1943: GC & CS activated Heath Robinson Machine (predecessor to Colossus).
The machine was named after Heath Robinson - a British cartoonist and illustrator best known for designing fantastically complicated machines. To describe something as Heath Robinson-esque is to describe an invention that is simultaneously ingenious, extremely complicated, and makeshift. One of Robinson's illustrations is featured here - the pancake-making machine!
Learn more via the WIRED article by Olivia Solon linked below.